22_Shepherd, was summoned from Shepherdstown to assist.

Funds Wizard R. D. Shepherd and His Fabled Constructing – McMurran Corridor, Shepherdstown, WV by Jim Surkamp
civilwarscholars.com/?p=13106 7907 text.

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Patriarch R. D. Shepherd’s Homecoming 1859

1_About how a youthful boy from Shepherdstown
About how a youthful boy from Shepherdstown crafted a substantial fortune via function, smarts and an act of his very own heroism for another then, turns all around and presents considerably of it back as McMurran Corridor, an Almshouse in New Orleans and other presents.

two_R. D. Shepherd had a rigid, flinty way
R. D. Shepherd had a rigid, flinty way, but on paper and in the environment at substantial did his huge generosities stand tall, pervade the landscape and enrich the hearts of humanity.

three_Seventy-five-yr-aged Rezin
Seventy-five-yr-aged Rezin Davis Shepherd, explained by the New Orleans Picayune as owning “the major and most successful estate which has at any time been held by a single person in this city and State” – commenced the construction Thursday, Oct sixth, 1859 of a reward to his dwelling city, this time proper on ton no. 1 in Shepherdstown, the pretty ton where by he was born in August 1, 1784.

four_Who knew that in 10 fleeting day
Who knew that in 10 fleeting days – Oct sixteenth – record would be blown off its hinges by the John Brown raiders’ assault fifteen miles away at Harpers Ferry, the match that lit the simmering fever of division amongst

five_North and South around slavery
North and South around slavery and claimed legal rights to secede from the Union. The tempest raged back and forth around the county and the city for 1300 hundred days of pitiless strife and war ahead of settling back into getting a barren, alien landscape.

six_RD’s constructing
RD’s (“RD” henceforth for “Rezin Davis Shepherd”) constructing – attractive as have been all his structures stays a Greek Revival design, with a two-tale-portico and Corinthian flourishes. But in the 1860s, it would bear witness to all that was lease asunder and itself narrowly stay away from destruction, compared with a much less lucky altruistic juggernaut job of Shepherd’s in New Orleans – the palatial Almshouse. But this, RD’s Town Corridor, initial named, would eventually reside a “long, joyful life” initial as the County Court, then into its existing-day majesty as the signature constructing of Shepherd University.

Developing Up – RD Learns the Trade:

seven_When he was just nine decades aged
eight_positioned him in the retail store and counting residence
When he was just nine decades aged, RD’s father, Abraham, positioned him in the retail store and counting residence in Baltimore of William Taylor,

9_an formidable importer and ship-owner
an formidable importer and ship-owner. RD’s outstanding presents surfaced when he – just eighteen – was despatched to New Orleans to guarantee a great return on a huge cargo of British goods his agency had bought for New Orleans’ customers. Then his initial huge “killing” was with another refreshing-faced, challenging-driving Taylor colleague, James McDonough. Wrote the Picayune: In Oct, 1803, it was perfectly identified in the course of the region that Louisiana had been bought by the United States. Mr. Taylor was the only service provider who appeared to understand the financial gain from a single consequence of the this wonderful political occasion.

10_in turning out to be a state
11_all sugar imports thereafter
12_cornered 1800 of these hogsheads
The agency understood that in turning out to be a state, a responsibility of two.five cents would be included to the cost of all sugar imports thereafter. So Shepherd and McDonough – when all the sugar made in the state was amongst 2100-2200 hogsheads – cornered 1800 of these hogsheads, offering youthful RD “a handsome cash for a youthful gentleman to commence in mercantile lifestyle.” He quickly created a new agency shared with Taylor, then in time via age and retirement grew to become RD’s alone.

13_Coming into his very own
Coming into his very own, he married Lucy Taylor Gorham of Barnstable, Massachusetts in 1808, who was “a niece and adopted daughter” of Taylor. On August twenty second, 1809, their only boy or girl, Ellen Shepherd, was born in Louisiana. (Lucy would die in 1814).

fourteen_the penchant of RD
It was at this juncture the penchant of RD for typical, publicity-averse benefactions took root, in the minute of his willed defiance towards a direct army purchase to function, alternatively, to help you save a single particular wounded gentleman, remaining for lifeless in war, a gentleman who himself would reside on to come to be the epitome of the proverbial Very good Man, albeit

15_His identify was Judah Touro
extraordinarily wealthy. His identify was Judah Touro, a top-hatted, but humble Jewish businessman who thought in regard for all religions and everyday applications of the code of great works. He was beloved in the course of his circles and region as “the Israelite with no guile.”

Wrote Writer Colyar:

16_Wrote Writer Colyar
seventeen_carrying ammunition on the struggle industry
When carrying ammunition on the struggle industry Jan. 1, 1815 Mr. Touro was struck by a 12-pound shot which tore

18_12-pound shot
19_a substantial mass of flesh from the thigh
a substantial mass of flesh from the thigh and prostrated him amid the lifeless and dying. Mr. Rezin Shepherd, was carrying a specific purchase from Commodore Patterson across the river to the key military. On achieving the financial institution he met a close friend, who explained to him his close friend Touro was lifeless. Inquiring where by he was, Shepherd was educated that he had been taken to

20_Jackson’s headquarters
an aged constructing in the rear of Jackson’s headquarters. Forgetting his orders, Mr. Shepherd went right away to the position and identified he was not lifeless, but, as the surgeon reported, in a dying situation. Disregarding what the surgeon reported, Shepherd received a cart, place him in it, administered stimulants, and took Touro to his very own residence. He then procured nurses, and by the closest interest, Mr. Touro’s lifestyle was saved. Mr. Shepherd returned late in the day,

21_Commodore Patterson in a terrible humor
owning done his mission, to locate Commodore Patterson in a terrible humor, and, speaking severely to him, the latter reported: “Commodore, you can hang or shoot me, and it will be all proper, but my most effective close friend required my assistance, and practically nothing on earth could have induced me to neglect him.”

RD’s businesses ongoing to grow exponentially and his brother, James Hervey Shepherd, was summoned from Shepherdstown to help.

22_Shepherd, was summoned from Shepherdstown to help.
1817-1837 – RD travels to Europe, settles in Boston doting on his daughter’s education and learning.

23_1822 – RD preserved his businesses
24_at five Pearl Avenue and close by 28 Indian Wharf residence.
1822 – RD preserved his businesses and transport issues at five Pearl Avenue and close by 28 Indian Wharf residence.

twenty five_her portrait painted by Thomas Sully
26_Gilbert Stuart is commissioned to paint his very own portrait
He has her portrait painted by Thomas Sully in 1831, a several decades after Gilbert Stuart is commissioned to paint his very own portrait. (Stuart died in 1828).

1829, April 20 – Ellen Shepherd marries Gorham Brooks of Medford, Massachusetts.

1834 – RD commissions Samuel Fuller to develop the 480-ton service provider ship in Medford, named after his daughter, the “Ellen Brooks.”

27_James Hervey Shepherd dies
1837 – James Hervey Shepherd dies. RD returns to operate businesses in New Orleans.

1837, July 23 – Ellen (Shepherd) Brooks and her husband, ordinarily in Boston or Medford, temporarily reside in Baltimore.

28_nephew, Henry Shepherd Jr.
1837-1865 – RD’s nephew, Henry Shepherd Jr., who was brought up in his uncle’s counting area, little by little assumes the position as RD’s agent in New Orleans.

29_painting of the ship the “Ellen Brooks” is concluded
1839 – RD’s commissioned painting of the ship the “Ellen Brooks” is concluded, attributed to Samuel Walters (British, 1811-1882), called “Ellen Brooks, Off Holyhead, Homeward Sure.”

1841 – RD buys 468 acres of land and begins constructing Wild Goose Farm, but not still living there comprehensive-time he also pays for most of the transforming of the authentic Trinity Episcopal Church in Shepherdstown.

1842, June – RD symptoms a petition to Congress together with several other planters and sugar brands in the state of Louisiana that asks for an raise in the responsibilities on imported sugar.

1849 – RD spots obligations on his eighteen-yr-aged nephew, Henry Shepherd Jr., who would come to be his agent in New Orleans via the Civil War, letting RD to return more permanently to his Wild Goose Farm.

30_Wild Goose Farm
31_the 1850 Census displays
32_1850 and 1860 Census slave schedules
1850 – In Shepherdstown & Wild Goose Farm the 1850 Census displays sixty six-yr-aged RD with a period of time worth of $240,000, living only with workmen: 26-yr-aged German-born grasp stonemason Conrad Smith and an overseer. Though a single account states Touro stipulated that RD cost-free his enslaved persons, RD is shown to owning owned several persons, enumerated in both equally the 1850 and 1860 Census slave schedules.

1854, January sixth – Touro’s Will will make Rezin Davis Shepherd residuary legatee of the estate and executor $395,000 is willed to particular recipients. A sum iof $80,000 is set apart for a palatial almshouse, with the included stipulation to RD that more sums, if required, need to be applied to total this priority job.

Judah Touro designed out his will January six, 1854 a several days ahead of his dying that reported:

33_my pricey, aged, and devoted close friend, Rezin Davis Shepherd
34_I hereby appoint and institute him
As regards my other designated executor, say my pricey, aged, and devoted close friend, Rezin Davis Shepherd, to whom, below Divine Providence, I am drastically indebted for the preservation of my lifestyle when I was wounded on the 1st of January, 1815, I hereby appoint and institute him, the reported Rezin Davis Shepherd, after payment of my particular legacies, and the debts of my succession, the common legatee of the rest and residue of my estates, movable and immovable.

35_funded transforming of the Trinity
RD ongoing his initiatives both equally in New Orleans and Shepherdstown. He had now funded transforming of the Trinity

36_prepared a clock and bell to its authentic church
Episcopal Church. He prepared a clock and bell to its authentic church then after some legal squabbling – the clock – to everyone’s assent – was reassigned to be inserted in to the new governing administration constructing.

The Shepherd Spouse and children is Scattered By War:

37_The war hit the spouse and children challenging
The war hit the spouse and children challenging. Most of the youthful gentlemen enlisted in Virginia models. RD had to recalibrate his business enterprise strategies. Wrote the Richmond Every day Dispatch: June eight, 1861:
The New Orleans Delta states that R. D. Shepherd, Esq., who is now at an advanced time of lifestyle, living on his attractive farm close to Shepherdstown, Virginia, has directed his agent in New Orleans to pay back around to the treasurer of the Confederate States a substantial sum of funds, together with, it is reported, his full annual earnings from rents in that city — the major earnings savored by any house holder — to be utilized to the defence of the legal rights and the help of the independence of the South.

38_spring of 1862 when Federal Common Banking institutions
In the spring of 1862 when Federal Common Banking institutions with his military entered into Jefferson County, RD took refuge in Boston with his daughter.

39_As the war progressed
As the war progressed, its maw of destruction arrived nearer to Shepherdstown’s almost total constructing. 130,000 troops moved in the spot in September, 1862 for the bloody Maryland Campaign, just across the Potomac river. Wounded from the close by battles poured into Shepherdstown, putting the unfinished Town Corridor into service as an outdoor medical center.

Wrote Mary Bedinger Mitchell:

40_The unfinished Town Corridor had stood in bare ugliness
The unfinished Town Corridor had stood in bare ugliness for numerous a lengthy day. Somebody threw a several tough boards across the beams, positioned piles of straw around them, laid down one planks to walk upon, and lo, it was a medical center at as soon as.

There have been 6 churches and they have been all comprehensive, the barn-like position identified as the Drill Room, all the personal properties after their capacity, the shops and vacant structures, the college-properties – each and every inch of room and still the cry was for more area.

We went about our function with pale faces and trembling fingers, still attempting to appear composed for the sake of our people, who have been considerably thrilled. We could hear the incessant explosions of artillery, the shrieking whistles of the shells, and the sharper, deadlier more thrilling roll of musketry even though each and every now and then the echo of some charging cheer would occur, borne by the wind, and as the human voice would pierce that demoniacal clangor we would capture out breath and listen, and test not to sob, and change back to the forlorn hospitals, to the suffering at our ft and ahead of our eyes even though creativity fainted at the thought of these other scenes hidden from us over and above the Potomac.

Experienced Federal Common George McClellan crossed the Potomac and pursued Common Lee’s scattered and mauled military, as historians have considerably criticized him considering that for not doing, Shepherdstown would have likely endured larger hurt, but, as it was, shells landed in the yards of the Lees and Morgans and a single or two even hit Shepherd’s new Town Corridor, but have been of minor consequence.

Property Losses in New Orleans:

forty one_RD’s good home at 18 Bourbon Avenue
42_18 Bourbon Avenue in New Orleans
Additional invasive, improvised use was getting designed of RD’s good home at 18 Bourbon Avenue in New Orleans, resulting in his nephew to formally attraction to the Federal powers-that-be in early 1864. He wrote:

forty three_From Brig. Common James Bowen
January 29, 1864
From Brig. Common James Bowen
Provost Marshal Common
Department of the Gulf.

The undersigned acting as the duly authorized agent and legal professional in reality of Rezin Davis Shepherd, previously the State of Virginia, but for more than eight months previous residing with his daughter Mrs. Gorham Brooks in the city of Boston and State of Massachusetts, respectfully signifies: That the reported Shepherd is a loyal citizen of the United States and the true and lawful owner of the Brick Dwelling No. 18 Bourbon Avenue amongst Canal and Custom made House Streets in the City of New Orleans and also of all the home furnishings and contents thereof: that in the thirty day period of June, 1862 Col. Stafford with no show of authority, positioned in possession of reported residence and contents, a gentleman by the identify of Horton or Houghton, who has at any time considering that occupied and now occupied and utilizes the similar as a Boarding House, and who in no way has paid any lease or payment there and continually refused to do so.

Under the situation, the undersigned respectfully appeals to you, Common, for reduction, and asks that the subject be referred to Capt. Edward Web site and Thomas Tileston, or other of them for investigation and that the aforesaid premises and contents be restored to the possession of the owner with no delay Henry Shepherd Jr.

Like The Town Corridor, the huge, spectacular Almshouse in New Orleans remained unfinished, to be hit by a worse fate. Shepherd was billed by Touro’s will to initial place $80,00 toward its construction, then be well prepared to place more funds into its construction- together with even some of Shepherd’s very own money – as recipient of Touro’s residue.

44_occupied by detachments of the 2nd Maine Cavalry
forty five_The fire started out
forty six_Baked beans fired the constructing
On September 1, 1865, at a time the Almshouse in New Orleans – nonetheless with an unfinished, floorless top ground – was occupied by detachments of the 2nd Maine Cavalry and Company K, Initially Louisiana Cavalry. A baking oven was in large use at a single end of the constructing so that heat would be carried via a fissure in a air flow technique shut by. The fire started out in the rafters above the third ground. It was evening-time with a substantial wind and no flooring still laid for the third ground in that wing. Coals dripping from the fire then ignited tar on the lessen walls. “Baked beans fired the building” reported a single from the 2nd Maine Cavalry. The constructing was uninsured. Just a several months afterwards R. D. Shepherd died of typhoid fever, November 10, 1865, no more time the executor of the estate, leaving no philanthropist to assistance make up the reduction.

Wrote the editors of the Situations-Picayune in a lengthy obituary:
In his native village he erected a splendid constructing, developed for a city corridor, also a substantial academy, with attractive grounds and a walk. He also deposited with the Mayor yearly a substantial sum to invest in gasoline and provisions for the very poor. He also erected the major and most high priced church in Jefferson County. A lot of other acts of public and personal benevolence have been done by him in his silent, furtive manner.

With war finished and when he was nonetheless nutritious, RD had urged that his Town Corridor come to be the County Court considering that the Charlestown courthouse was a struggle-scarred ruin, in particular from a shelling it took in the tumble of 1863.

A Visitor Contemplates Charlestown’s Ruined Courthouse in mid-1865:

forty seven_the courtroom-residence, where by that mockery of justice was done, was a ruin
48_4 substantial white brick pillars, nonetheless standing, supported a riddled roof
A quick walk up into the centre of the city took us to the scene of John Brown’s trial. It was a consolation to see that the jail had been laid in ashes, and that the courtroom-residence, where by that mockery of justice was done, was a ruin deserted to rats and toads. 4 substantial white brick pillars, nonetheless standing, supported a riddled roof, via which God’s blue sky and gracious sunshine smiled. The key portion of the constructing had been actually torn to items. In the ground-much less corridor of justice rank weeds have been growing.

forty nine_Names of Union troopers have been scrawled together the walls
Names of Union troopers have been scrawled together the walls. No torch had been utilized to the wooden-function, but the function of destruction had been done by the fingers of hilarious soldier-boys ripping up floors and pulling down laths and joists to the tune of “John Brown,” the swelling melody of the track, and the accompaniment of crashing partitions, reminding the citizens, who thought to have ruined the aged hero, that his soul was marching on. It was also a consolation to know that the courtroom-residence and jail would almost certainly in no way be rebuilt, the county-seat owning been removed from Charlestown to Shepherdstown — “forever,” say the resolute loyal citizens of Jefferson County, who rose to vote it back all over again.

50_either buried in Elmwood Cemetery or the Shepherd Burial Floor
The Shepherd boys who enlisted in Virginia businesses every single – around time – arrived dwelling and have been either buried in Elmwood Cemetery or the Shepherd Burial Floor – or lived.

51_Clarence Edward Shepherd
Clarence Edward Shepherd grew to become a teacher in Maryland.

When RD’s nephew and agent, Henry Shepherd Jr. was in New Orleans throughout the war, minding the spouse and children pursuits, a few of his brothers have been at war. The eldest Rezin Davis, his more mature brother who had a youthful spouse and children

52_eldest Rezin Davis, his more mature brother who had a youthful spouse and children
considering that 1858, died of condition November two, 1862 at his “river cottage” after imprisonment in the Aged Capitol Prison for getting an affiliate of Confederate spy, Redmond Burke. He remaining his widow, Elizabeth Boteler Stockton Shepherd, two youngsters (Fannie and Alexandria) and a third (David) on the way. In all probability initial buried on his farm, Rezin Shepherd (a nephew of the patriarch) was reburied after peace arrived in the new Elmwood Cemetery. His site was joined by all his spouse and children as time unspooled.

fifty three_20-five yr-aged Abraham
Henry Jr.’s upcoming brother, 20-five yr-aged Abraham, enlisted May well twenty second, 1861, would go around to Co. F. of the seventeenth Virginia Cavalry, get wounded at the third struggle of Winchester in September 19, 1864, and come to be a prisoner of war. But he survived the war and died numerous decades afterwards in 1907.

54_Henry Jr.’s young brother, James Touro (Truro) Shepherd
Henry Jr.’s young brother, James Touro (Truro) Shepherd, enlisted as a Non-public May well 1st, 1861 in the 2nd Virginia Infantry. Like numerous, the rigors of marching below Gen. Stonewall Jackson proved an impetus to transfer out into a Cavalry regiment, and he joined Co. B of Gen. Stuart’s Horse Artillery below John Pelham, with a marketing to initial lieutenant. His service document ends abruptly in the spring of 1862. The Shepherdstown Register in September, 1865 reported him owning died in “Richmond City” in March, 1862. His marker dates his dying as August 13, 1862, which may perhaps be the day of his re-internment into the spouse and children burial ground.

Two sons of James H. and his spouse, Florence Hamtramck Shepherd have been buried a several ft apart in the spouse and children burial ground on Shepherdstown’s New Avenue adjacent to the Episcopal rectory. Robert F. Shepherd, who joined Co. H, 2nd Va. Infantry, died May well four, 1862 of pneumonia.

55_Robert F. Shepherd, who joined Co. H, 2nd Va. Infantry
fifty six_Alexander H. Shepherd
Alexander H. Shepherd, who enlisted when he was about 20-eight April four, 1861 in Co. H of the 2nd Virginia Infantry he died of typhoid fever at Camp Harman close to Fairfax Courthouse September twenty five-26, 1861.

fifty seven_Rezin Davis Shepherd was buried there far too
Rezin Davis Shepherd was buried there far too, in his very own time.

He remaining all his fortune to his daughter, who, considering that 1855, had been a widow.

Wrote the Shepherdstown Register: A Large Estate – the late Rezin D. Shepherd remaining an estate valued at about $1,five hundred,000 all of which goes to his daughter, Mrs. Brooks of Boston. He was born in 1784 (on the ton where by the courtroom residence would be crafted). In 1809 he went to New Orleans and engaged in the fee business enterprise until eventually 1849 and was the executor of the estate of the late Judah Touro. Mr. Shepherd was previously a service provider in this city, residing on High Avenue. He gathered a pretty substantial house in New Orleans and was reputed to be a single of the wealthiest gentlemen of that city. On the breaking out of the insurrection, he returned to Boston and resided for a quick time with his daughter and sole heir, Mrs. Gorham Brooks, widow of a son of the late Peter C. Brooks. His estate on High Avenue was previously, we consider the house of Samuel Dexter.

The Massachusetts Historical Modern society nowadays shows a cannon donated by the spouse and children and acquired by RD – a more compact model of the a single that so severely wounded RD’s close friend, Judah Touro.

The going to journalist Trowbridge was proven completely wrong – the county seat DID go back to the Charlestown Courthouse. Wrote the editors of the Charlestown-dependent newspaper, The Spirit of Jefferson, in 1894:

fifty eight_The Normal University constructing, previously the city corridor
The Normal University constructing, previously the city corridor, on Major Avenue, is a handsome construction, the reward of a single of the Shepherd spouse and children, Rezin D. from which the city requires its identify. You will bear in mind that it was applied as a courtroom residence considering that the war and the courts of Jefferson county have been held there, a single Choose Corridor sitting on the bench. A political rape was perpetuated on Charlestown, the occasion in energy, fitly termed radicals, thought they had a absolutely sure detail of it, crafted a jail and included a wing to either side of the city corridor, but “the most effective laid schemes of mice and gentlemen gang af’t aglee.” The fellows that did all this mischief have been turned down by the folks and things took their ordinary condition and Charlestown was all over again the county seat.

Shepherd University commenced when the county seat of Jefferson County, West Virginia, was moved from Shepherdstown to Charles Town in July 1871. On February 27, 1872, the Legislature of West Virginia handed the subsequent act: “That a department of the State Normal University be and the similar is hereby recognized at the constructing identified as Shepherd University, in Shepherdstown, in the county of Jefferson.”

fifty nine_RD’s descendant, Shepherd Brooks
RD’s descendant, Shepherd Brooks, designed it final when he deeded the house and constructing around to the University and a a few-person board of trustees to retain it.

As they say, configurations reverse, the tide of lifestyle had long gone out – and – arrived back in all over again.

Posted by Jim Surkamp on 2014-05-22 13:13:42